[7] The latter is the same as the hexatonic scale described above. [5] At its most basic, a single version of this blues scale is commonly used over all changes (or chords) in a twelve bar blues progression. Oliver, Paul. [6] Likewise, in contemporary jazz theory, its use is commonly based upon the key rather than the individual chord. It can be played for the entire duration of a twelve bar blues progression constructed off the root of the first dominant seventh chord. The Minor Blues Scale, not the Major Blues, is "Standard" The Minor Blues scale is the far more commonly used scale of the two, so as in the norm in music, it gets shortened to "The Blues Scale." The hexatonic, or six-note, blues scale consists of the minor pentatonic scale plus the ♭5th degree of the original heptatonic scale. Jazz educator Jamey Aebersold describes the sound and feel of the blues scale as "funky," "down-home," "earthy," or "bluesy. [9], Steven Smith argues that, "to assign blue notes to a 'blues scale' is a momentous mistake, then, after all, unless we alter the meaning of 'scale'". "Blues and Our Mind-Body Problem", Blues Scale diagrams for guitar mapped out in all positions, The Blues Scale and Its Applications for Guitar, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blues_scale&oldid=973156117, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 August 2020, at 18:01. In jazz, the blues scale is used by improvising musicians in a variety of harmonic contexts. For example, the A minor blues scale with quarter tones is A–B–C–D–E–F♯–G, where is a half sharp. This added note can be spelled as either a ♭5 or a ♯4. The major blues scale is 1, 2,♭3, 3, 5, 6 and the minor is 1, ♭3, 4, ♭5, 5, ♭7. "Blue Note". If you already know about the minor blues scale and would just like to know how to play it in five positions as well as the open position of A, read on. "Gospel and Blues Improvisation" p.102. The blues scale can also be used to improvise over a minor chord. The heptatonic, or seven-note, conception of the blues scale is as a diatonic scale (a major scale) with lowered third, fifth, and seventh degrees,[8] which is equivalent to the dorian ♭5 scale, the second mode of the harmonic major scale. Smith, Steven G. (1992). It is fairly easy to finger on the guitar, fun to solo with and a great way to begin playing in a jazz guitar setting. Guitar players can raise a given note by a quarter tone through bending. Its just like with chords. Smallwood, Richard (1980). The A Minor Blues Scale contains the following notes:. [2] The evolution of this scale may be traced back to Asia (pentatonic major) through native North America (pentatonic minor) with the addition of the flat-5 blue note (slave trade/Africa). Blues practice is derived from the "conjunction of 'African scales' and the diatonic western scales". The minor blues scale is one of the most versatile scales that you can use in your guitar solos. [citation needed]. These 'blue notes' represent the influence of African scales on this music."[11]. "That Certain Feeling: Blues and Jazz... in 1890?" J. Bradford Robinson/Barry Kernfeld. A different and non-formal way of playing the scale is by the use of quarter tones, added to the 3rd and 7th degrees of the minor blues scale. The hexatonic, or six-note, blues scale consists of the minor pentatonic scale plus the ♭5th degree of the original heptatonic scale. Greenblatt defines two blues scales, the major and the minor. "[12][page needed], The blues scale is also used in other genres to reference the blues idiom. [1][2][3] This added note can be spelled as either a ♭5 or a ♯4. For example, a C hexatonic blues scale could be used to improvise a solo over a C blues chord progression. The Major Blues scale is built on the flatted third scale degree ( 3). p.13. A – C – D – Eb – E – G. For a complete lesson on the Minor Blues Scale, read this lesson.. In this section you will learn how to build, play, practice, and solo with the minor blues scale in a jazz setting, as well as check out a sample solo to help you bring this scale from the page and onto the fretboard in your practice routine. The term blues scale refers to several different scales with differing numbers of pitches and related characteristics. [10], An essentially nine-note blues scale is defined by Benward and Saker as a chromatic variation of the major scale featuring a flat third and seventh degrees (in effect substitutions from Dorian mode) which, "alternating with the normal third and seventh scale degrees are used to create the blues inflection. Also, the note D♯ can be used as an additional note. A major feature of the blues scale is the use of blue notes;[4] however, since blue notes are considered alternative inflections, a blues scale may be considered to not fit the traditional definition of a scale.

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