English: Southern pitch pine; Spanish: pino de hoja larga; French: pichepin; pin des marais; Local Common Names Longleaf pine is an evergreen conifer that got its common name for having the longest leaves of the eastern pine species. Longleaf Pine glues and finishes well. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Endgrain: Large resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary ; earlywood to latewood transition abrupt, color contrast high; tracheid diameter medium-large. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is reddish brown, sapwood is yellowish white. The cultural and romantic connections to longleaf pine and the forest ecosystem it dominates is seeped in traditions of the South. As the tree ages, the bark thickens forming irregular, flaky plates. Common Name(s): Longleaf Pine Scientific Name: Pinus palustris. Longleaf Pine. Rot Resistance: The heartwood is rated as moderately resistant to decay. Mature trees stand 80 to 100 feet (24 to 30 meters) tall. Mature trees stand 80 to 100 feet tall. Salvaged wood is also great for solidbody guitars. Wood from pine trees is used to make furniture, flooring, construction frames, and timber. Scientific Name. The needle clusters tend to be tufted at the end of branches. Pinus palustris Pinaceae. This tree produces numerous, dense, long-needled fascicles. In exterior applications, it is usually pressure-treated with preservatives. The tree has 8- to 18-inch slender and feathery needles in clusters of 3. Typical mature fire-maintained longleaf pine forest scene (80+ years of age). The old virgin stands were mostly cut by the 1920’s,… Read more ». Longleaf pine grass-stage seedling several weeks after low-intensity fire. Odor: Has a distinct smell that is shared among most species in the Pinus genus. Salvaged longleaf pine heartwood is in strong demand as premium flooring. Throughout most of its range, individual longleaf pines can reach 250 years in age (with trees in excess of 450 years old having been documented). I wondered why they weren’t more widely used as lumber. Common Name(s): Long-leaf Pine; Longleaf Pine; Southern Pine ; Phonetic Spelling PY-nus pal-US-triss Description. Longleaf Pine is an evergreen gymnosperm tree that may grow 60 to 120 feet tall. Workability: Overall, Longleaf Pine works fairly well with most tools, though the resin can gum up tools and clog sandpaper. Unfortunately there isn’t much if any new lumber available. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Light: Full sun. – longleaf pine Subordinate Taxa. Longleaf pine is an evergreen conifer that got its common name for having the longest leaves of the eastern pine species. Water: Average moisture needs. Distribution: Southeastern United States, though also widely grown on plantations, Tree Size: 100-115 ft (30-35 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 41 lbs/ft3 (650 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .54, .65, Modulus of Rupture: 14,500 lbf/in2 (100.0 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,980,000 lbf/in2 (13.70 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,470 lbf/in2 (58.4 MPa), Shrinkage:Radial: 5.1%, Tangential: 7.5%, Volumetric: 12.2%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Comments: Longleaf Pine is considered to be in the group of southern yellow pines, and shares many characteristics with other species of this group (Slash, Shortleaf, and Loblolly Pine) such as being: hard, dense, and possessing an excellent strength-to-weight ratio. They often are twisted and 20–45 cm (7.9–17.7 in) in length. Mature Size: Up to 70 feet tall. Common Name(s): Longleaf Pine Scientific Name: Pinus palustris. The needle-like leaves, which come in bundles of three, can grow up to 18 inches long. In this article, you will learn about the various types of pine trees. International Common Names. It is a beam out of a 100 year old building. This tree produces numerous, dense, long-needled fascicles. Natural occurrences of Longleaf Pine have been replaced by plantations of Loblolly and Slash Pine. The needle clusters tend to be tufted at the end of branches. It is one of the two Southeastern U.S. pines with long needles, the other being slash pine. Longleaf Pine is an evergreen gymnosperm tree that may grow 60 to 120 feet tall. Preferred Scientific Name. Now I understand that they were highly desirable as lumber and then of course, deforested. Scotch Pine. Dendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle), Ips grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle), Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight), Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil), Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode), Coleosporium asterum (needle cast: red pine), Cronartium fusiforme (southern fusiform rust), Leptographium procerum (white pine root decline), Monochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer), Pratylenchus brachyurus (root-lesion nematode), Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode). It has been used for keels of ships destined for tropical waters, where it was judged superior to white oak in resistance to marine borers. longleaf pine; Other Scientific Names. The leaves are dark green and needle-like, and occur in bundles of mainly three, sometimes two or four, especially in seedlings. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. The needlelike leaves, which come in bundles of three, can grow up to 18 inches (46 centimeters) long. Wetland Status. 13. As well as their scientific name, descriptions of pines and pictures of pine trees will help you identify them. Although over the decades, longleaf pine has assumed many different common names, the scientific name Pinus palustris Mill. Allergies/Toxicity: Working with pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma-like symptoms in some people. Longleaf pine is superior to the other southern yellow pines in strength, hardness and rot resistance. Grass-stage longleaf pine seedling prior to initiating stem elongation (2 years of age). Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is on the IUCN Red List. Pine wood is also an important source of pulp to make paper. The bark is thick, reddish-brown, and scaly. Characteristics. Longleaf pine grass-stage seedling immediately after low-intensity fire. Is this species considered low in population/endangered? The English name refers to the species' occurrence in the lands of the Apache Native Americans, while the scientific name commemorates the pioneering American botanist George Engelmann who discovered the species in 1848. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Pinus palustris Mill. Common Uses: Longleaf Pine is commonly used for construction, such as: stringers, roof trusses, poles, joists, piles; as well as interior applications such as subflooring and sheathing. The tree has 8- to 18-inch slender and feathery needles in clusters of 3. Preferred Common Name. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Can you tell me what kind of wood this is? They are still down there. Mature trees stand 80 to 100 feet (24 to 30 meters) tall. Distribution: Southeastern United States, though also widely grown on plantations Tree Size: 100-115 ft (30-35 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 41 lbs/ft 3 (650 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.54, .65 Janka Hardness: 870 lb f (4,120 N) Longleaf pine is an evergreen conifer that got its common name for having the longest leaves of the eastern pine species. Pinus palustris Mill. This pine tree, also known as scrub pine and gray pine, is native to North America. The single trunk, which is covered in thick, scaly bark, reaches up to three feet (0.9 meters) in diameter. USDA Hardiness Zone: 3-8. Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) is one of our heritage trees because it represents a historic forest type. Eastern White Pine. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. has been (for the most part) consistently used by foresters and botanists since its nomenclatural dating in the mid 18th century. Pinus longifolia Salisb. 1. Grain/Texture: Straight grained with a fine to medium texture. This plant has no children Legal Status. Longleaf pine is the longest lived of the southern pine species. Scientific Name: Pinus banksiana.
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