History Topics: How do we know about Greek mathematics? We do not know Theon’s wife’s name. His edition of Euclid’s Elements was used by mathematicians for over a thousand years after it supplanted all others, including the original. Dover Publications, New York, 1956, Morris Kline Theon of Alexandria was born in the first half of the fourth century, most probably around 335 AD in the Greco-Roman city of Alexandria, Egypt. Sir Thomas Heath Biography Theon of Alexandria worked in Alexandria as a teacher of mathematics and astronomy. However, Theon uses the word Greek word teknon for son. Editions based on Theon’s were the only ones known until an edition predating his was found in the Vatican Library in 1808. Greek language papyrus – the Oxyrhynchus papyrus – from about 100 AD – one of the oldest known fragments of Euclid’s Elements. 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